Sports massage was originally developed to help athletes prepare their bodies for optimal performance, recover after a big event, or function well during training. Sports massage emphasizes prevention and healing of injuries to the muscles and tendons.
There are four types of sports massages:
- pre-event sports massage: a short, stimulating massage 15 - 45 minutes before the event. It is directed toward the parts of the body that will be involved in the exertion.
- post-event sports massage: given within an hour or two of the event, to normalize the body's tissues.
- restorative sports massage: given during training to allow the athlete to train harder and with less injury.
- rehabilitative sports massage: aimed at alleviating pain due to injury and returning
Sports massage can incorporate other massage modality techniques such as Myofascial Release, Trigger Point, Neuromuscular, etc., but traditionally it is a faster paced massage utilizing different stretching techniques.